* Examples of Genocide Events in History

Genocides in History

 

The following are only a few examples of incidents of crimes against humanity around the world throughout history. Not all of the following cases of mass expulsion and extermination have been officially recognized as “genocide”. 

 

 

Time Period

Place/Name of Activity

Peoples

1490-1914

United Statesof American

Native Americans

1870s

Argentina: Conquest of the Desert

Indigenous tribes

Early 19th Century

Australia

Tasmanian Aborigines

1899-1902

1902-1913

Philippines: Philippine-American War and Philippines:  Pacification Campaign

Filipinos

1904-1907

German South-West Africa

Herero and Namaqua

1845-1849

Ireland

Famine used by English to eradicate Irish population

1860s

Russia: “The Circassian Genocide”

Circassian Muslim population in North Caucasus

1757-1758

Qing Empire (today Western China to Kazakhstan); Qing Campaign

Dzungar or Zunghar

1915

Ottoman Empire; Turkey

Armenians

1914-1920

Ottoman Empire

Assyrians

1914-1923

Ottoman Empire

Greeks

1937-1938

Turkish Kurdistan

Dersim Kurds

1920-1930s

Russia

Ethnic minorities

1940

Russia:  Katya Massacres

Polish intellectuals, officers, landowners, etc.

1919

Russian Civil War: Decossackisation

Don Cossacks

1932-1933

Russia: Holodomor

Peoples of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, North Caucasus

Post-WWII

Soviet Union: exile to Siberia

North Caucasus, Chechens, other Baltic peoples

1941-1945

Yugoslavia/Croatia

Serbs, Jews, Romani

1937

Dominican Republic: Parsley Massacre

Haitians

Late 1930s to early 1940s

Nazi Germany and Occupied Europe:  Holocaust

Jews

1947

India:  Partition of India

Muslims, Hindi, Sikhs

1959 +

Republic of China and Tibet

Tibetans

1900-1969

Australia: Stolen Generation

Aboriginal children removal from families

1964

Zanzibar Revolution

Arabs

1968-1996

Guatemala Civil War

Indigenous Mayan population

1971

Pakistan: Bangladesh War

Bengali; Hindus

1972

Burundi

Hutu by Tutsi army

1993

Burundi

Tutsi by Hutu

1994

Rwanda

Hutu and Tutsi

1990s

North Korea

Political dissidents and their families

1968-1979

Equatorial Guinea

Bubi ethnic minority and educated people

1975-1979

Cambodia; Khmer Rouge

Ethnic minorities such as Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams, Thais, Buddhist monks, professionals, etc.

1975-1999

East Timor under Indonesian occupation

East Timorese in opposition to the occupation; ethnic Chinese minority

1976-1983

Argentina: Dirty War

 

1982

Sabra-Shatilia, Lebanon

Palestinians

1979-1982

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

Afghans

1967-1970s

USA invasions of Vietnam

Vietnamese population

1975-1978

Ethiopia

University students and intellectuals

1988

Iraq

Kurdish population

1984

India: Operation Bluestar

Sikhs

1959

Tibet

Tibetans

1988

Brazil: Helmet Massacre

Political dissidents

1997 +

Democratic Republic of Congo: Congo Civil War

Pygmy population

1991 and thereafter

Somalia

Bantu

1992-1995

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Several populations

1994

Rwanda

 

2003 and ongoing

Darfur, Sudan

Tribal groups

1937-1939

Fumimaro Konoe (Japan)

Chinese